How to protect your skin against pollution?
Pollution, where do we start?
Due to the urbanization of the world, pollution is the main concern for all of us. Pollution doesn’t just create a layer of dust on your face but also steal away its luster by adding toxins and free radicals to your skin. Moreover, ultraviolet radiations coming from the sun have the major harmful effects on the skin. Protection, prevention, cleansing, and moisturizing are the key components to fight against pollution.
Here are some ways to protect your skin from pollution and help you to keep your skin healthy, glowing, and young.
1. Cleanse your face
Due to the buildup of an invisible layer of pollution on your skin, you need to cleanse and remove the makeup daily.
2. Exfoliate your skin
Exfoliation is a process of removal of dead cells from the outer layer of the skin. With the increasing age, the natural exfoliation process of the skin slows down and results in the accumulation of the dead cells. Exfoliating your skin twice a week makes your skin glow, increases its circulation, and improves your skin appearance.
You might be thinking of the question “how can we exfoliate our skin?”. You can do exfoliation by these two methods, mechanical and chemical. Facial scrubs and brushes are used for mechanical or physical exfoliation. Acids are used for chemical exfoliation.
You should determine your skin type before using any exfoliating methods. Try to consult your dermatologist for recommendations and in case of any skin condition like rosacea.
3. Protect your skin from sun rays.
It is recommended to use sunscreen daily. Zinc oxide or avobenzone is the most effective ingredient in the sunscreen. It can block both ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B. It is important to block both these rays as UVA is associated with sunburn and UVB is associated with wrinkling and skin aging.
Always uses a sunscreen that offers protection against both the rays. Another factor to consider is the sun protection factor or SPF. Always uses sunscreen with the SPF of 15. SPF 15 means it will take 15 times longer for the skin to burn as compared to bare skin.
4. Keep your skin hydrated
After cleansing and exfoliating your face, apply a moisturizer loaded with the active ingredients according to your skin type. It keeps your skin hydrated, soft, and elastic by maintaining the skin barrier and retaining the water vapors into the skin. Moisturizer is available in the form of serum, lotions, gel, and cream to be applied daily.
5. Use antioxidants
Antioxidants protect your skin by the damage of free radicals. Free radicals are produced from pollution such as smog, dust, and cigarette smoke. It causes wrinkling of the skin by damaging the collagen fibers of the skin. It also causes pigmentation, uneven tone, and loss of luster from the skin.
Antioxidants like Vitamin A, C, and E, are well equipped to fight and neutralize the free radicals. We can get them by consuming foods enriched in these vitamins such as tomato, grapes, lemon, and green tea. We can also apply them topically in the form of creams, serums, and lotion.
As pollution is becoming prevalent in larger cities, there is no one-way miracle product to protect your skin, it’s a process you need to follow throughout your daily life.